Benjamin B1, Caroline S1, Roussouly P1, Laouissat F1, Obeid I1, Boissière L1, Parent FH1, Schuller S1, Steib JP1, Pascal-Moussellard H1, Guigui P1, Stéphane W1, Guillaume R2; Study Group on Scoliosis (GES)1.
Surgical treatment of spinal deformity is high risk in patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease (PD). Several series have already reported a high rate of complications. However, none of these studies included more than 40 patients and none of the risk factors of complications were described. The aim of this study was to describe the rate and risk factors of revision surgery as well as the clinical outcome at the last visit in a large multicenter study of PD patients operated for spinal deformities.
A multicenter retrospective study included arthrodesis for spinal deformity in patients with PD. Clinical and surgical data including revision surgeries were collected. Assessment of functional outcomes at last follow-up was classified in 3 grades and spinal balance was assessed on anteroposterior and lateral plain X-rays of the entire spine.
Forty-eight patients were included. Median age was 67 years old (range 41-80). Median follow-up was 27 months. The rate of surgical revision was 42%. Eighty per cent of revisions were performed for chronic mechanical complication. Global results were considered to be good in 17 patients (35%), doubtful in 17 patients (35%) and a failure in 14 patients (30%), for the whole series.
The results of surgery for spinal deformities in patients with Parkinson disease vary with a high rate of complications and revisions. Nevertheless, these results should be seen in relation to the natural progression of these spinal deformities once spinal imbalance has developed. The association between preoperative clinical balance and final outcome suggests that early surgery can probably play a role in treatment.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:
Level IV (e.g. Case Series).
Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
Parkinson’s disease; Sagittal balance; complications; revision rate; spinal deformity
PMID: 28285031 DOI: 10.1016/j.otsr.2016.12.024