Postural deformities in the coronal plane were frequent and disabling complications of PD, which reduces the quality of life of patients. This study aimed to garner greater attention to the Parkinson disease (PD)-related postural trunk deviations in the coronal plane by exploring a method for diagnosis because of the lack of any uniform diagnostic criteria and epidemiological studies. It also aimed to provide correlation data in the Chinese PD patients.
In this cross-sectional study, 503 consecutive outpatients with PD were enrolled who underwent standardized clinical evaluation. The study recruited 83 PD patients diagnosed with Pisa syndrome (PS). Scoliosis and coronal imbalance were diagnosed accurately by radiographic data. The PD patients were compared based on the Cobb angle and coronal balance for several demographic and clinical variables.
PD patients with PS had a prevalence of 16.5%. The prevalence of coronal imbalance and scoliosis was 10.34 and 7.75%, respectively. PD patients with PS were older and had a more severe disease, significantly longer disease duration and treatment duration, and reduced quality of life. The most important finding was that the different morphology of the spinal level had an effect on the severity of coronal balance or Cobb angle.
The present study indicated that the postural deformities in the coronal plane were related to the morphology of the spinal level, especially the position of the Cobb angle. To benefit the PD patients with PS, the full-length standing spine radiographs should be performed as early as possible.
Cobb angle; Coronal imbalance; Parkinson disease; Pisa syndrome; Scoliosis
PMID: 28281005 DOI: 10.1007/s00586-017-5018-6